2021年12月3日

Port Congestion Update (Part 6): 供应链 Outlook in 2022

west coast 港口 congestion image

在我们的 正在进行的系列博客 关于沿海港口拥挤, we have been unpacking multiple issues causing this crisis and the impact rippling across the supply chain. 然后,在最后一篇文章中, 第5部分, we explained how supply chain issues will affect most businesses, 消费者, ultimately holiday gift-giving this year. In part 6, we identify some key trends and predictions for supply chains in 2022.

持续的供应链问题
看不到任何亚美am8手机客户端的迹象, ships continue to sit idle in 港口 waters for days on end waiting to unload their goods. In spite of 港口s operating around the clock and shipping throughout the night, labor shortages and lack of warehousing make delivery delays commonplace. 和, as the holidays quickly approach, 消费者需求超过了供给, causing shipping rates to skyrocket.

How Manufacturers are Gearing Up
Many companies are taking precautions to combat the volatility and continued supply chain disruptions expected to continue in 2022.

例如, consumer-goods suppliers are decreasing product lines to simplify manufacturing and keep goods moving. They’re also expanding their sources of raw materials and components so they aren’t reliant on a single source.

Large industrial manufacturers such as auto makers are resetting assembly lines to combat materials shortages such as semiconductor chips. 例如,福特汽车公司. is designing their production lines to allow substitutions of identical goods or materials when there’s a supply shortage. They’re also seeking multiple sources for components because they’re no longer able to rely on just one supplier.

Because of the interconnected nature of supply chains, there’s no easy cure-all to resume the steady flow of goods through the global economy. Some logistics experts say do not anticipate relief until the second half of 2022, while others believe the current situation won’t improve until 2023.

Backlogs and elevated shipping costs are likely to persist at least through the middle of next year because no immediate solution for the underlying supply-demand imbalance at U.S. 港口是可用的. Ronnie Walker, Goldman Sachs economist in Entrepreneur MagazineBacklogs and elevated shipping costs are likely to persist at least through the middle of next year because no immediate solution for the underlying supply-demand imbalance at U.S. 港口是可用的. Ronnie Walker, Goldman Sachs economist in Entrepreneur Magazine

What Logistics Experts are Forecasting in 2022

  • Demand returns to more normal levels
  • Supply improves as COVID diminishes
  • Demand for goods with computer chips will remain high
  • Supply of semiconductor chips will not catch up with demand
  • Younger, picky workers will return to work
  • Businesses will employ fewer skilled applicants and will need to train them
  • Wage inflation continues as companies increase pre-pandemic employee paychecks
  • Businesses invest in digital technologies to increase productivity and growth
  • Supply chain issues will remain until there are enough workers for trucking, 港口, 和仓库操作

寻找供应链趋势
Manufacturers and businesses are pivoting and adapting to combat the current supply chain issues. Since disruptions and shortages are expected to continue into the new year, we believe there are several ways that businesses will work toward building even more resilient supply chains. 这些包括:

  1. 敏捷性
    Being able to pivot faster; for instance, by increasing or decreasing production and creating new distribution channels
  2. 多样化
    Finding new or alternative sources for materials and/or modes of trans港口ation to move goods
  3. 应急计划
    Focusing on demand planning and preparing for unforeseen disruptions
  4. 可见性
    Using supply chain technology and update automation capabilities to spot trends and prevent issues before they occur
  5. 专注于能力
    Seeking alternate carriers and shipping modes to fulfill orders and deliveries rather than prioritizing timeliness and cost
  6. 仓库
    Storing larger quantities of products and raw materials nearby to protect against shortages

In 2022, businesses that increase their supply chain resilience, 可见性, 能力, storage will have a greater likelihood of success and happier customers.

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总结博客系列
This is the last installment in our Port Congestion blog series. Our goal was to explain what’s causing the current supply chain crisis and to help you prepare for new logistics challenges. We also shared different trends and some ways businesses are adapting. Catch up if you missed any of the series, click here for 第1部分, 第2部分, 第3部分, 第4部分, 第5部分.